A bioprocess is a peculiar process that uses complete living cells or their factors (e.g., bacteria, enzymes, chloroplasts) to gain wanted products. Transport of energy and mass is fundamental to multitudinous natural and environmental processes. Areas, from food processing ( including brewing beer (1)) to thermal design of structures to biomedical bias, manufacture of monoclonal antibodies to pollution control and global warming, bear knowledge of how energy and mass can be transported through paraphernalia ( instigation, heat transfer,etc.).

• Cell bioprocessing
• Upstream bioprocessing Downstream bioprocessing