Gynecologists are doctors who specialize in Womens health, with a focus on the female reproductive system who deal with a wide range of issues, including obstetrics, or pregnancy and childbirth, menstruation and fertility issues, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), hormone disorders, and others. Obstetricians care for women during their pregnancy and just after the baby is born who also deliver babies whereas ob-gyn is trained to do all these things. ABOG-certified Gynecologists are trained to carry out certain diagnostic and surgical procedures.
Neonatal endocrinology is concerned about the disorders of the endocrine glands, such as dysfunction of hormones and glands which results in problems of growth, puberty and diabetes. Pituitary gland releases hormones into the bloodstream which decides how a baby grows and mature, Pediatric endocrinologists will treat the child depending upon their age factor and also care for the patients from earliest stages to late adolescence and young adulthood. Hormones show significant effects on child’s physical activity, emotional well-being and development. Few other conditions are diabetes mellitus, hypoglycemia, growth concerns, amenorrhea, gender dysphoria, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, thyroid disorders, turner syndrome etc. Pediatric endocrinologist are medicinal specialists treat the youngsters having issues with development, adolescence, diabetes, or different issue identified with the hormones and the organs that create them.
Pediatric anesthesiology is utilized actuate anesthesia in children's. This strategy is utilized for the agony treatment and torment the board in children's. Kids with intense and interminable agonizing issue are fells in pediatric anesthesiologist to treat agony issue Obstetric anesthesia is identified with the lady who is going to bring forth youngster. This anesthesia is a hazardous as it incorporates working two life's (mom and unborn kid). The expert incorporated into obstetrics is named as birthing specialist
The Division of Pediatric Nephrology represents considerable diagnosis and management of kids with a variety of acute and chronic kidney-related complications. The division evaluates and treats hypertension, nephrolithiasis, proteinuria, hematuria, renal tubular acidosis, glomerulonephritis and kidney failure. It similarly gives broad care to pediatric patients with end-stage kidney infection, including attention to patients facing peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis and follow-up care after kidney transplantation.
A rheumatic disease affects the joints, muscles and connective tissues. Some, like osteoarthritis, are the result of wear and tear. Others, such as rheumatoid arthritis, are immune system problems. Treatment plan will likely include medications, regular exercise, a healthy diet, stress management, and rest. Common Rheumatic disorders are Lyme disease, Systemic lupus Erythematosus, Bechet's Disease, Polymyalgia Rheumatica, Rheumatic fever. Lupus erythematosus is a name given to a collection of autoimmune diseases in which the human immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks normal, healthy tissues. Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that can involve the heart, joints, skin, and brain. Many rheumatic diseases are chronic conditions. They are unlikely to go away. There may not be a cure for our condition, but effective management is available for most. Many people with rheumatic disease lead happy, satisfying lives year after year.
The study of Pediatric Cardiology is responsible for the diagnosis of congenital heart defects, performing diagnostic procedures such as echocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations and electrophysiology studies. The increasing number of neonates with congenital heart defects referred to the neonatal intensive care unit reflects the increasing awareness that the defects may be present. Chest radiography and ECG rarely assist in the neonatal diagnosis. Congestive heart failure in the fetus, or hydrops, can be detected by performing fetal echocardiography. In this case, congestive heart failure may represent underlying anemia (eg, Rh sensitization, fetal-maternal transfusion), arrhythmias (usually supraventricular tachycardia), or myocardial dysfunction (myocarditis or cardiomyopathy). Many of the pediatric heart defects such as patent ductus arteriosus interruption, vascular ring division, pericardial window, diaphragm placation, thoracic duct ligation, ligation of collateral vessels have been repaired using pediatric interventional cardiology. The barriers and challenges to achieving routinely applicable Tissue Engineered and Regenerative Cardiac Surgery Methods are also explored as is a novel concept for the Cardiac Hybrid Operating Room Suite of the 21st Century. Apart from these techniques nursing and care for pediatric cardiac patients also plays an important role for the cure of pediatric cardiac patients
Pediatric pulmonology is a medical specialty that deals with diagnosis and treatment of diseases involving respiratory tract. Pediatric pulmonology is a combination of both pulmonology and pediatrics. Pediatric pulmonologists are specially trained in pulmonary pediatric diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, complicated chest infections, etc. Epiglottitis is a cause of pediatric dyspnea that should be considered by the EMT when evaluating children in respiratory distress. Hence it is important to study the diagnosis, immunization and preventive measure of these diseases
Neonatal gastroenterology developed as a sub-specialty of pediatrics and gastroenterology. This is mainly occur due to digestive problems in infants. It is concerned with treating the gastrointestinal tract, liver and pancreas from infancy until age eighteen. The principal diseases it is concerned with are vomiting, infant regurgitation, abdominal pain, infant rumination syndrome, ulcer-like dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, functional diarrhoea etc. Whenever nerves or muscles in any segment of the stomach related tract don't work with their ordinary quality and coordination, an individual creates side effects identified with motility issues. Whenever nerves or muscles in any part of the stomach related tract don't work with their ordinary quality and coordination, an individual creates side effects identified with motility issues. Gastrointestinal disorders in neonates range from minor to life threatening, and short- to long-term or chronic. Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopic procedure a fetal and neonatal endoscopy has become an essential modality for evaluation and treatment of GI diseases. Complex gastrointestinal medical procedure is one of the basic techniques to treat GI issue in neonates.
Pediatric and Neonatal Hematology includes the examination, finding, treatment and counteractive action of blood infections and blood-framing organs in the assortment of babies, kids, and young people. There are many blood issue issues in the body with veins, red platelets (erythrocytes), white platelets (leukocytes), platelets, bone marrow and lymph hubs that can happen in kids that can be analyzed and treated by a Pediatric hematologist. Neonatal hematology is a perplexing and dynamic procedure in the pediatric populace. Specialists every now and again experience hematologic issues with respect to haemostasis, aggravation, and wound recuperating. The Division of Hematology gives subspecialty care to newborn children, youngsters, youths and youthful grown-ups with maladies of the blood. They give hereditary guiding and corroborative testing for groups of new-borns with an anomalous hemoglobin recognized on the new conceived state screen. They additionally give consultative administrations to essential consideration doctors thinking about a youngster with a mind boggling blood issue or who has signs or side effects which may recommend malignant growth.
The skin in the neonatal period is engrossing. During this period, the outer protective layer of our body adapts rapidly from a sterile aqueous environment to a dry environment rich with many new exposures. The variation occur in a way that is not readily visible in other organs. Most of the benign rashes appear in the neonatal period, which often mimic more worrisome rashes. Pediatric Dermatologists are especially trained in dermatology and pediatrics. Although the pediatrician easily identifies many of those discussed, for example, erythema toxicum neonatorum, it is the less straight-forward cases where physicians struggle. With this comes many questions from parents, thus it is imperative for pediatricians to know when to confidently reassure parents, when treatments are necessary, and when a referral to dermatology is needed for a variety of birthmarks and rashes. Even more important is to recognize when a true emergency may be at hand.
Pediatric oncology is the speciality of medication that required with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in children. Pediatric oncology is a field in medicine concerned about diagnosing and treating children, more often up to the age of 18, with tumour. It is one of the greatest difficult tasks as there is a fact that, despite fortunate treatment of many children, there is a high death rate still connected with different types of malignancies. The treatment of childhood cancer relies upon a few factors, including the stage and type of cancer, possible side effects, the family's preferences, and the child’s overall health.
Pediatric nervous system science direct clinical and fundamental science examination into youth neurological issue to all the more likely comprehend the starting points of epilepsy, learning handicaps and other neurological issue; and grow new cures and medications. Researchers are engaged with an assortment of lab and clinical research projects to expand our comprehension of the creating sensory system and pathologic procedures that trigger neurological issue in youngsters. The goal is to advance treatments and decisions for an assortment of obliterating and crippling neurologic issue.
Pediatric Surgery joins medical procedure of developing lives, babies, children, young people, and energetic adults. Pediatric medical procedure shows up in the midst of the twentieth century as the careful consideration of birth deficiency required novel methodology. Pediatric medical procedure utilizes particular sorts of novel contraption and methods that are most routinely utilized at children mending offices.
Pediatric dentistry gives both essential and complete helpful oral human services for babies and kids through youthfulness, incorporating those with extraordinary social insurance needs. Preventive dental care incorporates cleaning and fluoride medicines, just as nourishment and diet suggestions. It likewise incorporates Management of gum sicknesses and conditions including ulcers, short frenulae, mucoceles, and pediatric periodontal malady.
Pediatric nurses are Registered Nurses (RNs) provide health and medical care for children from birth to all ages till 18-21 years monitoring acute, chronic medical and surgical conditions. Children who require more frequent and invasive monitoring such as those with severe, critical, or life-threatening conditions are cared for in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) where the staff has advanced knowledge and training in the care of critically ill children. Pediatric nurses may also specialize in areas such as cardiology, endocrinology, neonatology, oncology, pulmonary, or trauma and perform tasks specific to those specialtie.