Amphetamine-Related Disorders

Methamphetamine (METH) belongs to a class of compounds called phenethylamines which exhibits catecholaminergic, dopaminergic, and serotonergic effects. It was first manufactured in 1893 for the treatment of asthma and upper respiratory congestion, but indications and usage in the medical field have increased over the last 124 years. Today, methamphetamines are clinically used for the treatment of short-term obesity, narcolepsy, and attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity. Recreational use of methamphetamines has reached epidemic proportions in the South Pacific (Asia, Japan, China, Philippines), as well as the United States. The majority of illegal methamphetamines are produced in the United States in rural areas in what is known as clandestine labs. Using common household materials, including acetone, red phosphorus, sodium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, ammonia, toluene, along with over the counter cold medicines, ephedrine and pseudoephedrine, methamphetamines can be easily manufactured.

Amphetamines can induce these disorders:

Unspecified stimulant-related disorder

Amphetamine-induced obsessive-compulsive and related disorde

Amphetamine withdrawal

Amphetamine intoxication delirium

Amphetamine intoxication

Amphetamine-induced sleep disorder

Amphetamine-induced sexual dysfunction

Amphetamine-induced psychotic disorder

Amphetamine-induced depressive disorder

Amphetamine-induced bipolar disorder