Abstract Submission Ends on: May 29, 2023


Multifetal Pregnancy
Multifetal pregnancy takes place in one of 70-80 deliveries.  Pregnancy, where a woman carries more than one baby at a single time. If carrying two babies, they are called twins. Three babies that are carried during one pregnancy are called triplets. The inflated uterus leads to encouraging preterm labor thus, causing preterm delivery at a gestation period of 35-36 weeks for twins, 32 weeks for triplets, and 30 weeks for quadruplets on average.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may have prolonged or infrequent menstrual periods or excess male hormone levels. The ovaries may develop numerous small collections of fluid called as follicles and fail to the regular release of eggs.

Medical Disorders in Pregnancy    
When women who are suffering with chronic medical disorders become pregnant, proper care must be taken as the medical disorders may affect both the pregnancy and fetal health. If not it may affect and leads to complications of their medical condition during pregnancy.
Such as,

  • Asthma
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Sexually transmitted disease
  • Hypertension
  • Depression
  • Cancer
  • Hepatitis
  • Diabetics
  • Epilepsy
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Parturition is the process after a gestation period, where the termination of pregnancy and the beginning of extra-uterine life of the neonate. This parturition takes place in the first stage which is the dilation of the cervix, second by the birth of the baby and the final stage is the delivery of the placenta. Parturition in general terms as labor, most common labor types involves natural birth, vaginal birth, scheduled cesarean, unplanned cesarean, VBAC  (vaginal birth after cesarean), and scheduled induction.

Family Planning    
Family planning is commonly a process of spacing and timing the birth of a couple after attaining desired or required number of childbirths. This is achieved through using contraceptives if sexually active and the treatment of involuntary infertility.

Common and modern methods include

  • Fertility awareness
  • Emergency contraception
  • Barrier methods by using condoms
  • Hormonal contraception
  • Long-acting reversible contraception or intrauterine devices (IUD)

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