Immunology and Infectious Diseases

The battle between pathogens and also the host immune defenses has raged for thousands of years. The system has developed a range of approaches to dominant an infectious agent and microorganism infection that vary from direct killing of the infective agent to elaborating cytokines that inhibit replication. Pathogens have countered by developing a range of immune evasion mechanisms that inhibit protein perform and stop immune recognition of infected cells.