Pathology is the study of the causes and effects of unwellness or injury. The word pathology conjointly refers to the study of unwellness generally, incorporating a good vary of life science analysis fields and medical practices. However, once utilized in the context of recent medical treatment, the term is commonly utilized in a a lot of slim fashion to visit processes and tests that fall at intervals the up to date medical field of "general pathology", a region which incorporates variety of distinct however inter-related medical specialties that diagnose unwellness, largely through analysis of tissue, cell, and tumor samples. Idiomatically, "a pathology" may additionally visit the anticipated or actual progression of specific diseases (as within the statement "the many alternative types of cancer have numerous pathologies"), and therefore the affix path is typically accustomed indicate a state of unwellness in cases of each physical ailments (as in cardiomyopathy) and psychological conditions (such as psychopathy). A medico active in pathology is termed a pathologist.