Neurophysiology provides insight nervous system that how it works and the way its dysfunction can results in disease. Neurophysiology is the study of organisms and their parts function. Neurophysiology is the study of the functioning of the nervous system, that includes the brain, the spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and sensory organs. The specialists study the CNS and peripheral nerves at the level of organs, cellular networks, individual cells.

A unique feature of this wide discipline is an interest in the mechanisms that relate to the generation and propagation of electrical impulses inside the neurons. Neurophysiology is an important subject not only for understanding of the processes of human thought, but also for ability to diagnose and treated these disorders related to nervous system.