Neonatal surgery contains the treatment of infants in the first 28 days of birth. Pediatric surgery is involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Subspecialties of pediatric surgery that include neonatal surgery and fetal surgery. Common pediatric diseases that may require pediatric surgeries include: abdominal wall defects, chest wall deformities, sub-clavian-pulmonary artery anastomosis for blue babies, esophageal atresia, tracheaesophageal fistula, open-heart surgery.
When Pediatric Surgery is required..?