Neonatology & Perinatology

In pediatrics the Neonatology is one of the subspecialty, which will operate the medical health care of infants who are ill or premature newborns, the treatment of these neonates are carried out in intensive care units (NICUs). The main focus of neonatologists is newborn infants who are very much ill and who require special medical care due to low birth weight, prematurity, and fetal alcohol affected newborn, congenital malformations (birth defects). The Perinatology is subspecialty of obstetrics which is concerned with the perinatal care of the fetus which is involved with complicated, high-risk pregnancies. In another term perinatology is also known as Maternal – Fetal medicine, the maternal-fetal medicine specialist is the one who typically works in consultation with the obstetrician.