Health policy refers to choices, plans, and actions that are undertaken to realize specific health care goals among a society. An explicit health policy can do many things: it defines a vision for the long run that successively helps to ascertain targets and points of reference for the short and medium term. It outlines priorities and also the expected roles of various groups; and it builds agreement and informs individuals.
The conception of public health management offers a unifying focus. It centers on the mobilization of society's resources, including those of the health service sector, to improve the health of populations through whatever means is most appropriate.