The present generation with faster and smaller electronics is the result of advancements in the research. Nowadays research on graphene is a hot topic owing to its unique and excellent properties. Graphene can be produced from mechanical exfoliation, chemical vapor deposition, plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition, electrochemical synthesis and molecular beam epitaxy so on methods. Electrolysis of graphene is generally carried out to get graphene with high purity. In electronics, graphene is used to make electrodes for touch screens, transparent memory chips, integrated circuits with graphene transistors. The main energy-related areas which depend on graphene are solar cells, supercapacitors, lithium batteries and catalysis for fuel cells.

  • Benefits of 2D Materials
  • 2D materials beyond Graphene
  • 2D Topological Materials
  • Chemical functionalization of Graphene

Graphene was the first 2D material to be isolated. Graphene and other two-dimensional materials have a long list of unique properties that have made it a hot topic for intense scientific research and the development of technological applications. These also have huge potential in their own right or in combination with Graphene. The extraordinary physical properties of Graphene and other 2D materials have the potential to both enhance existing technologies and also create a range of new applications. Pure Graphene has an exceptionally wide range of mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. Graphene can also greatly improve the thermal conductivity of a material improving heat dissipation. In applications which require very high electrical conductivity, Graphene can either be used by itself or as an additive to other materials. Even in very low concentrations, Graphene can greatly enhance the ability of electrical charge to flow in a material. Graphene’s ability to store electrical energy at very high densities is exceptional. This attribute, added to its ability to rapidly charge and discharge, makes it suitable for energy storage applications.

  • Battery Testing
  • Progress in Materials Analysis
  • Atomistic Modeling of Materials Failure
  • Materials Synthesis and CharacterizationAdvanced Structural and Functional Materials
  • Photorefractive Effects and Materials
  • Microscopy of Semiconducting Materials
  • Practical Materials Characterization
  • Nondestructive Characterization of Materials
  • Powder Characterization
  • Coatings Characterization
  • Dispersions Characterization
  • Formability of Metallic Materials
  • Materials with Internal StructureCharacterization of Advanced Materials
  • Materials Characterisation and Mechanism of MicroCutting
  • Nanoscale Imaging and CharacterisationHydrogen Storage Materials
  • Nanoscale Characterisation of Ferroelectric Materials
  • Failure analysis
  • Material comparisons
  • Deformulation
  • Reverse engineering
  • Crystallographic Texture of Materials
  • Phase Change Materials
  • D printed organs
  • Ultrasonic Testing of Materials
3D printing is the process of creating three- dimensional structure of biomaterials by means of computer control. With respect to the nano-scale dimensions the biomaterials are classified into three types as- Nano-particle (3D), Nano-fiber(2D) and Nano-sheet (1D). 3D bioprinting is the formation of numerous cell patterns by using printing techniques along with the layer-by-layer method to produce tissue mimetic structures without any harm in cell function that can be further used in tissue engineering. Electrospinning technology means deposition of polymer nanofibers on an object by using high voltage to a liquid polymer solution. Bioprinting helps in the research of drugs and pills by printing tissues and organs. It is also used for micro devices and microarrays. The 3D printing materials market is expected to reach USD 1,809.5 Million by 2021 from USD 530.1 Million in 2018, at a CAGR of 23.40%.
  • Biomaterials are constituents that are intended to interrelate with the biological system either as a part of medical device or to replace or repair any injured organs or tissues. Biomaterials can be derived either naturally or synthetically. Some of the natural Biomaterials are silk, gelatin, etc. While the Synthetic ones are the various forms of polymers, ceramics and composites. Bioceramics like Alumina, Bioglass, Zirconia are used to reestablish injured portions of musculoskeletal system and used in dental and orthopaedic fields. Biocomposites are designed by using resin and natural fibres. It can be non-wood natural fibres (rice, wheat, coconut, etc.) Or wood fibres (magazines, soft and hard woods). Metals are mostly a choice of biomaterials in fields of dental, orthopaedic, cardiac implants. As metals can lead to wear, corrosion, so surface coating and modification of metals are essential for medical applications.
  • Carbon dots
  • D Materials heterostructures and superstructures
  • Graphene analogues
  • Hydrogen Technologies
  • Solar thermal Energy
  • Chemical functionalization of Graphene
  • Graphene based products
  • Applications of Carbon in Energy
  • Carbon nanotubes and grapheme
  • Semiconductor Materials and Nanostructures Optical Properties of Advanced Materials
  • Applied Nano Electromagnetics
  • Nonlinear Super Resolution Nano-Optics and Applications
  • Nano Electronic Devices
  • Nano Optics and Nano photonics
  • Progress in Nonlinear Nano Optics
  • Biomedical Optical Instrumentation and Laser Assisted Biotechnology
  • Atomic, Molecular, Optical & Plasma Physics
  • Lasers in Manufacturing and Materials Processing
  • Imaging, microscopy, adaptive optics
  • Photonics
  • Laser beam delivery and diagnostics
  • Lasers in medicine and biology
  • Optical nanomaterials for photonics/biophotonics
  • Advanced spintronic materials
  • Dielectric materials and electronic devices
  • Engineering applications of spectroscopy

Material characterization is the process of measuring and determining physical, chemical, mechanical and microstructural properties of materials.

Materials Characterization and Applications are below mentioned•

  • Failure analysis
  • Material comparisons
  • De-formulation
  • Reverse engineering
  • Crystallographic Texture of Materials
  • Phase Change Materials
  • Aerospace• Defense materials
  • 3D printed organs• Pharmaceutical delivery system• Ultrasonic Testing of Materials
  • Dental implants• Nanoscale Characterisation of Ferroelectric Materials
  • Hydrogen Storage Materials
  • Nanoscale Imaging and Characterisation
  • Materials Characterisation and Mechanism of Micro-Cutting
  • Characterization of Advanced Materials
  • Materials with Internal Structure
  • Formability of Metallic Materials
  • Formability of Metallic Materials
  • Progress in Materials Analysis
  • Atomistic Modeling of Materials Failure
  • Materials Synthesis and Characterization
  • Advanced Structural and Functional Materials
  • Photorefractive Effects and Materials
  • Microscopy of Semiconducting Materials
  • Practical Materials Characterization
  • Nondestructive Characterization of Materials
  • Powder Characterization
  • Coatings Characterization
  • Dispersions Characterization
  • Battery Testing
  • Advanced Materials is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering materials science. It includes communications, reviews, and feature articles on topics in chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, ceramics, metallurgy, and biomaterials.
  • Nanolithography
  • Self-healing Fibre Composites
  • Advanced Carbons
  • Advanced Non-Oxide Ceramics
  • Advanced Optical Ceramics
  • Advanced Electro-ceramics
  • Advanced Bio and Medical Ceramics
  • Advanced Ceramic Coating
  • Thermal and environmental barrier coatings Ceramic
  • Gel casting
  • Cellular ceramics
  • Solid oxide fuel cell materials
  • Oxide ferroelectrics• Oxide multi-ferroics
  • Hybrid and Hierarchical Composite Materials
  • Mechanical Properties of Glass
  • Functional Ceramics
  • Stronger Materials/Higher Strength Composites
  • Ceramic Metal Oxides
  • Bio inert Materials
  • Bio Ceramics
  • Composite Ceramics
  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Ceramic materials for solid oxide fuel cells
  • Ultra high temperature composites
  • Bioceramics
  • Applications of Porous Ceramics
  • Ceramics for body and vehicular armour
  • Glassceramic
  • Advanced Ceramics
  • Biocomposites

The relationships which exist between the performance of electrical, optical, and magnetic devices and the microstructural characteristics of the materials from which they are constructed. The class uses a device-motivated approach which emphasizes emerging technologies. Device applications of physical phenomena are considered, including electrical conductivity and doping, transistors, photodetectors and photovoltaics, luminescence, light emitting diodes, lasers, optical phenomena, photonics, ferromagnetism, and magnetoresistance.

  • Nano/Micro Structured Materials for Energy and Biomedical Applications
  • functional scaffolds to provide extracellular microenvironment
  • nonintrusive monitoring and analysis of functional biological substitutes
  • subtle micromanipulation of extracellular cues
  • high performance purification and stem cell proliferation systems

Carbon materials such as graphite and coke are usual components of friction materials. Graphite can be either natural or synthetic, but all types converge to the flake morphology, at least at the microscopic level. The lubricant properties of graphite are intensified by metal sulfides, especially antimony trisulfide. Small particles increase the positive benefits of graphite rather than large particles. The synergy between graphite and metal sulfide can be due to a direct interaction between the two materials by means of bonds involving dangling bonds or oxygen atoms of graphite edges, which may prevent oxidation and anchor graphite basal plane to the contact disk surface.

  • Custom Materials Synthesis
  • Super hydrophobic Surface Treatments

A substance which has a molecular structure built up chiefly or completely from a large number of similar units bonded together, e.g. Many synthetic organic materials used as plastics and resins.

  • Hydrogen Energy
  • Modern Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Materials
  • Thermal Energy Storage Using Phase Change Materials
  • High Energy Density Materials
Ceramic engineering is the science and technology of creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials. This is done either by the action of heat, or at lower temperatures using precipitation reactions from high-purity chemical solutions.
surface science and engineering including tribology, but with a special emphasis on the research and development in friction, wear, coatings and surface modification processes such as surface treatment, cladding, machining, polishing and grinding, across multiple scales from nanoscopic to macroscopic dimensions. High-integrity and high-performance surfaces of components have become a central research area in the professional community whose aim is to develop highly reliable ultra-precision devices.
As nanotechnology is advancing, so is the extension for its business development. The extensive variety of potential items and applications gives nanotechnology its tremendous development prospects. It has been estimated that the worldwide nanotechnology industry will develop to reach US$ 75.8 Billion by 2020. In such a situation, tremendous open door lies for industry members to tap the quickly developing business sector. Significant contributions are expected to environmental and climate protection from Nanotechnological products, processes and applications are expected to by saving raw materials, energy and water as well as by reducing greenhouse gases and hazardous wastes. Usage of nano materials promises certain environmental benefits and sustainability effects.

Materials science is important for the development of technology and has been or thousands of years. Different materials have different strengths and weaknesses and are uses for different purposes. Materials Science and Engineering is the study of all materials, from those we see and use every day such as a glass or a piece of sport equipment to those used in aerospace and medicine, through that understanding how materials work, can create new materials for new applications as well as develop existing materials to improve performance. They can control the structure of a material, from an atomic level up.

  • Superparamagnetism
  • Composite Materials
  • Ceramic Matrix Nanocomposites
  • Metal Matrix Nanocomposites
  • Polymer Matrix Nanocomposites
Nano composites are materials that incorporate nanosized particles into a matrix of standard material. The result of the addition of nanoparticles is a drastic improvement in properties that can include mechanical strength, toughness and electrical or thermal conductivity
Nanoelectronics is the term used in the field of nanotechnology for electronic components and research on improvements of electronics such as display, size, and power consumption of the device for the practical use. This includes research on memory chips and surface physical modifications on the electronic devices.

Nanoparticles are particles that exist on a nanometre scale (i.e., below 100 nm in at least one dimension). They can possess physical properties such as uniformity, conductance or special optical properties that make them desirable in materials science and biology. And Molecular nanotechnology (MNT) is a technology based on the ability to build structures to complex, atomic specifications by means of mechanosynthesis. This is distinct from nanoscale materials.

  • Molecular assembler
  • Mechanosynthesis
  • Molecular engineering & Molecular machine
  • Aerospace Transportation & Molecular Aero technology
Nanophysics is the physics of structures and artefacts with dimensions in the nanometer range or of phenomena occurring in nanoseconds and Nanoscience and nanotechnology are all about relating and exploiting phenomena for materials having one, two or three dimensions reduced to the nanoscale.

Nanochemistry is the combination of chemistry and nanoscience. Nanochemistry is associated with synthesis of building blocks which are dependent on size, surface, shape and defect properties.

  • Nanoparticles for water purification
  • Industrial Safety measures for workers at the Nano manufacturing hubs
  • Health and safety implications of Engineered Nanomaterials
  • Need & Impact of Global regulations on nanomaterials
  • Nanotoxicity in cells
  • Toxicity screening and intracellular detection of nanomaterials
Nanophotonics is an enabling technology which concerns with application of photonics at nanoscale dimensions, where field enhancement effects which result in new optical phenomena offering superior performance or completely new functionalities in photonic devices and encompasses a wide variety of topics, including metamaterials, plasmonics, high resolution imaging, quantum nanophotonics, functional photonic materials.This technology potential to impact across a wide range of photonics products such as high efficiency solar cells to ultra-secure communications to personalized health monitoring devices.
Nanoelectronics refers to the use of nanotechnology in electronic components. The term covers a diverse set of devices and materials, with the common characteristic that they are so small that inter-atomic interactions and quantum mechanical properties need to be studied extensively. And Nanometrology is a subfield of metrology, concerned with the science of measurement at the nanoscale level. Nanometrology has a crucial role in order to produce nanomaterials and devices with a high degree of accuracy and reliability in nanomanufacturing.
Nanotechnologies provide essential improvement potentials for the development of both conventional energy sources (fossil and nuclear fuels) and renewable energy sources like geothermal energy, sun, wind, water, tides or biomass. Nano-coated, wear resistant drill probes, for example, allow the optimization of lifespan and efficiency of systems for the development of oil and natural gas deposits or geothermal energy and thus the saving of costs. Further examples are high-duty nanomaterials for lighter and more rugged rotor blades of wind and tidepower plants as well as wear and corrosion protection layers for mechanically stressed components (bearings, gear boxes, etc.). Nanotechnologies will play a decisive role in particular in the intensified use of solar energy through photovoltaic systems. In case of conventional crystalline silicon solar cells, for instance, increases in efficiency are achievable by antireflection layers for higher light yield.
Recent Applications of Nanotechnology and Nanoparticles in Fisheries and Aquaculture
Nano-fabrication is the configuration and production of gadgets with measurements measured in nanometers. One nanometer is 10 - 9 meters, or a million of a millimeter. Nanofabrication is of enthusiasm to PC engineers since it opens the way to super-high-thickness microchip s and memory chip s. It has been recommended that every information bit could be put away in a solitary iota. Conveying this further, a solitary molecule may even have the capacity to speak to a byte or expression of information. Nanofabrication has additionally gotten the consideration of the restorative business, the military, and the avionic business.
Spectroscopy of multiply ionized atoms.This branch of spectroscopy deals with radiation related to atoms that are stripped of several electrons, trends which correlates Space and Astronomy with Nanoparticles
Nanoengineering is the practice of engineering on the nanoscale. It derives its name from the nanometre, a unit of measurement equalling one billionth of a meter. Nanoengineering is largely a synonym for nanotechnology, but emphasizes the engineering rather than the pure science aspects of the field.Nanoengineering is the application extension of Nanotechnology, which is a collective term for a range of new technologies that involve the manipulation of matter at small scales, typically 0.2-100 nanometres.
Nanomedicine is a branch of medicine that applies the knowledge and tools of nanotechnology to the prevention and treatment of disease. Nanomedicine involves the use of nanoscale materials, such as biocompatible nanoparticles and nanorobots, for diagnosis, delivery, sensing or actuation purposes in a living organism. And Nanobiotechnology is a discipline in which tools from nanotechnology are developed and applied to study biological phenomena. For example, nanoparticles can serve as probes, sensors or vehicles for biomolecule delivery in cellular systems.